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Drg Drsya Viveka | The Seer and the Seen

  • 1 - A Brief Overview of the Text | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · - 'Drg-Drsya-Viveka' is an introductory book on Advaita Vedanta, technically called a 'Prakarana Grantha (प्रकरण ग्रंथ), which teaches the identity and oneness of the individual Jiva and Paramatman. - Vedanta is not a new knowledge; it reminds us of our true reality; it is the re-discovery of our own true nature. - Atman (knowledge of Atman) is not something that could be produced or transformed or attained or purified. - (" न उत्पाद्यं, न विकार्यम्, न आप्यं, न संस्कार्यं " - Shankaracharya’s commentary on the Ishavasya Upanishad). Some important topics discussed are: -Spiritual sleep and awakening -The laws of karma and re-incarnation -The wheel of karma - vrtti - samskara - vasana - samkalpa and again karma... -The importance of Sadhana Chatushtaya (साधनचतुष्टय) -Different forms of 'samadhi'.
    59m 4s
  • 2 - Identifying Ourselves as The 'Witness' (साक्षी) | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses 1, 2, 3, 5 A brief overview of the text and the topics discussed: -The eternal conflict: What we want and what our mind is willing to do. -The cause of problems in our everyday life: forgetting the impermanence of the worldly experiences. -The subject and the objects, the seer ('drashta') and the seen ('drshya'), the perceiver and the perceived, the witness and the witnessed -A phenomenological approach -The form is the seen and objectified. -Worldly objects and experiences change every moment. -Atman is the unchanging seer and the eternal witness (साक्षी), which is beyond immanence and transcendence. -Atman, the eternal, unchanging revealer of all, the 'light of all lights'.
    1h 3m 50s
  • 3 - Atman in the Three States of Awareness | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 10 - 14 - Waking (जाग्रत), Dreaming (स्वप्न), Deep Sleep (सुषुप्ति) and beyond: Turiya (तुरिय) - The 'I' consciousness in the three states of consciousness: 'THE WITNESS'. -The psychological and spiritual dynamics of ' AVASTHATRAYA ' -'Avasthatraya- saakshi'. - The mechanism of Maya and 'adhyasa' (अध्यास:) - The mystery of Maya and how does it work in our life? - Concealment of our true nature and false projection. - The two functions of 'Maya' elaborated: the power of veiling the Reality and the power of projection, causing the expansive manifestations of the manifold creation. - The way out of Maya: Sadhana-chatushtaya (the four spiritual disciplines: Ref: class:2). - Shravana, manana, nididhyasana & devotion- (bhakti) eventually, through Moksha. - Atman, the non-participating witness. - अवछ्छेद वाद, आभासवाद, and प्रतिबिम्बवाद elaborated. - The spiritual aspect of perfect health. - The mystery of creation - in Advaita Vedanta.
    55m 31s
  • 4 - Maya, the Beginningless, Timeless Mystery | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 16, 17, 37, 38, 31 - Jiva, The embodied Self , freed from the veiling and projecting powers of Maya, discovers its true identity with the non-participating Witness (साक्षी) . - Then we realize that all 'vikaras' (changes) belong to the world only. - What is 'Prarabdha-Karma '? How does it operate in our everyday life? - Shankaracharya's rejection of the Mimamsakas' obsession with Vedic ritualism. - Three approaches to Reality in Advaita: Paramarthika, Vyavaharika and Pratibhasika - अवछ्छेद वाद, आभासवाद, and प्रतिबिम्बवा: more details. - Constant contemplation, unbroken flow of awareness - The different schools of Advaita Vedanta: 'Bhamati', 'Vivarana' and 'Vartika' - The illustration from the Chandogya Upanishad: Spiritual awakening and the role of an 'Acharya' or a 'Guru".
    57m 12s
  • 5 - The Real and the Unreal in Everything That We Perceive and Experience | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 20, 26, 27 - Everything in this world has five aspects, ie, the permanent, unchanging substratum consisting of Existence- Consciousness - Bliss ( सत्- चित् - आनन्द ), and the impermanent changing aspect, consisting of names and forms, (nama-rupa ) which constitute 'Maya'. - The Absolute Reality, Existence- Consciousness - Bliss (सत्- चित् - आनन्द) is beyond the five conditions of verbalization ( beyond the five categories of definitions, descriptions etc. (sabda-pravritti-nimitta). - Nirvikalpa-samadhi explained: - The mind of a person who has attained 'Nirvikalpa Samadhi' compared to a lamp kept in sheltered, windless place- it never flickers; it is always steady. - The five states of mind according to Yoga psychology explained: Ksipta, Mudha, Viksipta, Ekagra, Niruddha - Different forms of 'Samadhi': (a) with the help of an external object and, (b) with the help of an internal object.
    49m 37s
  • 6 – ‘Savikalpa Samadhi' (Meditation) Practiced with an External Object (Sound/Mantra) | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 27, 28, 30 - 'Madhyama samadhi' explained. - The great statement ('Mahavakya'): 'TATTWVAMASI' ( तत्त्वमसि )explained . - Analysis of the two 'padarthas': 'tat' and 'tvam' . - Importance of ' Śraddhā (श्रद्धा) for the student/ spiritual aspirant. - Link to the transcendental: its usefulness in everyday life. - Constant, natural effortless, spontaneous contemplation on Brahman. - Highest devotion (भक्ति), and the highest knowledge ( ज्ञानं ) are the same at the experience level. - Natural state of a 'Jivanmukta' ('liberated-in-life'): - How all delusions vanish with the dawn of Advaitic experience: the fetters of the heart are broken, all doubts and negativity disappear. - Every activity becomes an act of worship, every word becomes a sacred 'mantra', every thought becomes a meditation, the secular merges with the spiritual, and the whole life becomes spiritualized.
    1h 3m 37s
  • 7 - Mind Going Beyond Mind | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 32, 33, 35, 40, 41 - Psychological problems can have no permanent solutions at the psychological level. - They can have permanent solutions only at the spiritual level. - Ascent in self-identity: Contrasting examples of Fyodor Dostoevsky and Valmiki, the great Sanskrit poet of India and the author of the ancient classic 'Ramayana'. - Only the non-participating Witness ( the 'Self' - साक्षी) is Absolutely Real because it is unchanging. - The appearance of 'Jiva' is only because of the association of 'Upadhis'. - The two powers in Maya: - The power of false projection (vikshepa-sakti) - The power of concealing the true nature of the reality (avarana-sakti). - 'Maya' is neither Absolutely Real, Nor Absolutely Unreal. - अवछ्छेदवाद, आभासवाद, and प्रतिबिम्बवाद further elaborated. (verse: 33) - Who is the highest devotee of God? How to reach that level? - The three levels of Reality in Advaita Vedanta explained.
    55m 39s
  • 8 - The Spiritual Psychology behind Waking, Dreaming and Deep-Sleep States | Swami Tattwamayananda

    6 JUN 2019 · Verses: 43, 44, 45 - The reality/unreality of dreams. - What is Pratibhasika reality? - 'Turiya' is present in all the three states of waking, dreaming and deep sleep, but also transcends them all. - Existence, Consciousness and Bliss, which are the natural characteristics ‘swarupa-lakshana’ (‘स्वरूप-लक्षण’) of the 'Sakshi ('साक्षी) or Brahman appear to inhere in the 'Vyavaharika Jiva' and the 'Pratibhasika Jiva'.
    43m 58s

An Introduction to " Drg-Drsya-Viveka " Sri Shankaracharya holds a pre-eminent position among the world's master-minds and spiritual teachers. 'Drg-Drsya-Viveka' is one of the great Acharya's introductory treatises (traditionally called...

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An Introduction to " Drg-Drsya-Viveka "

Sri Shankaracharya holds a pre-eminent position among the world's master-minds and spiritual teachers.

'Drg-Drsya-Viveka' is one of the great Acharya's introductory treatises (traditionally called 'prakarana-granthas') on Advaita Vedanta which teaches the identity and oneness of the individual Jiva and Paramatman. This small but important book of forty-six verses describes not only different forms of samadhi but also, more importantly, expounds some of the basic doctrines of Advaita Vedanta following a method known as 'Anvaya-vyatireka' (अन्वयव्यतिरेक). Some of these verses are also found in one of the minor Upanishads called 'Sarasvati- Upanishad'.

There are different views regarding the authorship of 'Drg-Drsya-Viveka' though the majority of scholars agree that Adi Shankaracharya himself is the author. Other names associated with the authorship of the work are Bharati Tirtha and Vidyaranya, the author of 'Panchadasi'. The two well-known commentaries on 'Drg-Drsya-Viveka' are those of Brahmananda Bharati and Ananda Jnana also called Ananda Tirtha.

These eight lectures were given by Swami Tattwamayananda at the Vedanta Society of Calgary on August 18th and 19th, 2018.

Swami Tattwamayananda, currently the Minister of the Vedanta Society of Northern California, San Francisco, (originally founded by Swami Vivekananda in 1900) served in various centers of the Ramakrishna Order in India as editor, publisher, and teacher of Sanskrit, Advaitic texts such as Sri Shankaracharya's commentaries on the 'Prasthanatraya' (the fundamental Sanskrit texts of Vedanta philosophy), Buddhism and Indian philosophy. He underwent traditional training in Hindu scriptures, Sanskrit, Vedic and Vedantic literature for many years, from his early days. Before coming to the United States in January 2012 he was teaching Sanskrit, Vedantic scriptures and Indian philosophy at the Training center in Belur Math, the institution that trains the monks of the Ramakrishna Order at the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Mission, Kolkata, India. Apart from his traditional education, the Swami has also received modern University education in English literature, psychology, European history, and Western philosophy. He is frequently invited for lectures on Yoga, Vedanta, and traditional Hindu scriptures and for participating in interfaith dialogues.

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All Original Content © Vedanta Society of Northern California
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